The Color of Love: Colorism in Black Brazilian Families


Visibility 

The Dynamics and Complexities of Colorism

Mini Series

 

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

 Link to Listen Live:   The Color of Love: Colorism in Black Brazilian Families

Listener Line:  323-642-1562

(Listeners may call to ask questions, comment or share)

 

Episode Description

 “The Color of Love” will focus on the psychological, emotional, physical, and social effects of colorism on the well-being and growth of Black Brazilian girls and women. Topics include racial hierarchies in families, racial features, hair, light skin, dark skin, children, love, education, jobs, how skin color and other phenotypes affect the self-esteem, self-love, self-identity, self-pride and self-respect of girls and women, visibility, voices, Afro-Aesthetics Movement, differential treatment, and cultural practices, among other topics.

Visibility’s guest is renowned researcher Dr. Elizabeth Hordge-Freeman (whose best-selling book, The Color of Love: Racial Features, Stigma, and Socialization in Black Brazilian Families was awarded the American Sociological Association Section on Emotions Book Award and the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interactionism Charles Horton Cooley Book Award.

 

Dr. Elizabeth Hordge-Freeman

Biography

Dr. Elizabeth Hordge-Freeman is a Tampa native and Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of South Florida. She received her B.A. from Cornell University and her M.A. & Ph.D. in Sociology from Duke University. Dr. Hordge-Freeman published her first book, The Color of Love: Racial Features, Stigma, and Socialization in Black Brazilian Families (The University of Texas Press) in 2015.  This book was awarded the American Sociological Association Section on Emotions Book Award and the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interactionism Charles Horton Cooley Book Award.  In 2015, she presented a TEDxUSF talk on The Color of Love and her book is slated for publication into Portuguese in April 2018. She has published journal articles in the Journal of Marriage and Family, Qualitative Research, and Ethnic & Racial Studies, several book chapters, and published a co-edited volume with Gladys Mitchell-Walthour entitled, Race and the Politics of Knowledge Production: Diaspora and Black Transnational Scholarship in the US and Brazil (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016). Hordge-Freeman has been awarded several grants and fellowships to support her research, including a Ford Dissertation Fellowship, American Sociological Association Minority Fellowship, and Ruth Landes Memorial Research Grant. In 2016, Hordge-Freeman received a Fulbright fellowship to complete data collection for a manuscript entitled, Second-Class Daughters: Informal Adoptions as Modern Slavery in Brazil, which is based on over seven years of ethnographic data and interviews.

 

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The Dynamics of Colorism Changes


In order to make the show more intriguing (at least for me), the format of the Dynamics of Colorism Blog Talk Radio will change to a panel discussion format beginning in 2013. Weekly episodes will include regular panel members and guests discussing the dynamics of colorism.
Look forward to thought provoking discussions that may be controversial at times. Meaningful discussions that are full of substance, light fires, respectfully agree to disagree on positions, and include diverse perspectives are the best discussions to have on any subject matter.

I am looking forward to the new format!

I am “fired up, ready to go” (Childs, 2007).
Continued Success!
Dr. Culbreth

“Fired Up, Ready to Go”


In 1903, W.E. B. DuBois wrote “for the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color-line”.  In 2012, there is still a problem of the color line within the Black community. Despite the advancements made within our race, colorism still exists and is still an issue to be reckoned with. The most disturbing acts of colorism are the “light skin versus dark skin competitions” or invitations to “light skin” only events.  The problem with these skin color events is that embracing any form of skin color distinction is behavior that one could only imagine slave masters using as a form of entertainment or to further divide the race. When Black Americans host events of this nature, they are perpetuating and encouraging behavior that continues to separate and divide the race. This form of entertainment is no more acceptable in the millennium than a minstrel show.

We fail to understand that skin tone stratification within our own community is a result of internalizing the preferential and prejudicial treatment based on skin color (light, medium or dark) by slave owners. I will give a very brief historical background on the origins of colorsim  but recommend that everyone read books and articles on colorism.  Please see the Intraracial Colorism Project’s site for a list of the literature in the field. (updated daily).

During slavery, slaves that possessed European features were afforded preferential treatment and slaves that possessed African features were treated disparately because of their dark skin.  Light complexioned slaves began to believe that they were superior and entitled to privileges that dark complexioned slaves (who they believed were inferior) were not entitled to.  Black people internalized the belief of light skin superiority and dark skin inferiority during slavery though the beginning of the Civil Rights Era and Black Power Movement. During this time period, the Black is Beautiful concept was born.

The Black is Beautiful concept turned into a movement that swept through Black communities across the United States.  Black Americans began to embrace the beauty of their skin color, culture, black pride slogans, pictures, natural hair styles (afro) and began proudly wearing dashikis.  The belief that light skin being an indicator of beauty, privilege and superiority was rejected by the Black race.  Songs containing powerful lyrics focusing on pride, power, hope, respect, and blackness were empowering Black Americans across the country.  Songs that I recall include James Brown’s “Say it Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud”; The Chi-Lites  “Give More Power To The People”;  The O’Jays “Give The People What They Want”; Eddie Kendricks, “My People…Hold On”; The Staple Singers “Respect Yourself” and Nina Simone’s “To be Young gifted and Black”. These songs further empowered the movement and motivated Black people to take a stand.  Black people were proud to be Black and truly embraced the beauty of their blackness.  Even light complexioned Blacks embraced “Black is Beautiful” and began wearing afros and we were united, light, medium and dark complexioned Black people.

Suddenly, and without warning, the Black is Beautiful Movement faded away and light skin  became an issue within the Black race again. This may have occurred because whites continued interracial colorism practices (disparate treatment based on skin color, light, medium and dark) which resulted in Black people again embracing lightness within the race. Intraracial colorism (black versus black) re-surfaced and overshadowed any remnants of the Black is Beautiful Movement.

Black skin is beautiful for the simple fact that we are blessed with various warm, tropical hues that radiate beauty and hold many in awe to this day.  Embrace the beauty of your light, medium, or dark skin color and revel in the awesomeness of being a beautiful person of color!

Possessing light skin does not mean that automatic privileges should be granted and this issue must be understood.  Possessing dark skin does not mean that anyone should be treated any differently than someone possessing light skin.  It becomes an issue when one possessing light skin begins to believe and act as if they are superior to others and are entitled to privileges because of their light skin.  It also becomes an issue when people possessing dark skin begin to treat others with light skin disparately as well.  The same rules apply for people possessing medium skin color.

I started The Intraracial Colorism Project, Inc. in order to thoroughly investigate colorism through a large scale study that will include a documentary and other projects. Through sponsorship, I plan on traveling to each state and conduct town hall meetings, personal interviews, and group sessions.  By sharing experiences and information we will be able to build a solid foundation upon which we can work together to make a difference, I believe that change is possible.  My goal is to work with members in the Black community to educate, enlighten, and eventually eradicate colorism.  We will develop ideas, strategies, programs, training, panel and community discussions, etc.  I can’t do this alone, I need your help. Please feel free to contact me with ideas, solutions, recommendations, etc.  If there is a topic that you would like The Dynamics of Colorism to discuss on our talk radio show, please contact me.

It is time for us to come together as a community and begin the healing process. We can begin this process by bringing together a diverse group of community members including secretaries, educators, college students, attorneys, teens, psychologists, mechanics, sociologists, housewives, and others (meaning everyone). As a team we can educate, enlighten and eventually eradicate colorism within the Black community. For me, The Intraracial Colorism Project, Inc. will help foster the change that is needed in the world.  In the famous words of Edith Childs (2007), I am “fired up, ready to go” are you?

Continued Success!

Dr. Culbreth